Full-spectrum CBD refers to a type of CBD extract that contains a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds naturally present in the cannabis plant. In addition to cannabidiol (CBD), full-spectrum CBD products typically contain trace amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), as well as other cannabinoids such as CBG (cannabigerol), CBC (cannabichromene), and CBDV (cannabidivarin), among others.

The term "full-spectrum" indicates that the extract retains the full complement of compounds found in the original plant, rather than isolating or removing specific cannabinoids or terpenes. This means that users can potentially benefit from the synergistic interaction between different cannabinoids and terpenes, known as the entourage effect.

The entourage effect suggests that cannabinoids and terpenes work together synergistically to enhance the therapeutic effects of each individual compound. For example, THC and CBD have been shown to have complementary effects, with THC providing pain relief and relaxation while CBD may help mitigate some of the psychoactive effects of THC.

In addition to cannabinoids, full-spectrum CBD extracts also contain terpenes, which are aromatic compounds found in plants. Terpenes not only contribute to the flavor and aroma of cannabis but may also have therapeutic properties of their own. For example, myrcene has been associated with sedative effects, while limonene may have mood-enhancing properties.

Overall, full-spectrum CBD products are prized by many users for their potential to deliver a broader range of therapeutic benefits compared to products made with CBD isolate, which contains only pure CBD without other cannabinoids or terpenes. However, it's important to note that full-spectrum CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, which could potentially result in psychoactive effects or trigger a positive drug test in some individuals, particularly if consumed in large quantities.